How To Meditate IV – Fundamentals of Meditation Practice


Hi So in this video I will be talking about some of the important qualities of meditation which we need to keep in mind during the time we do the walking or the sitting meditation. So it’s not enough for us to say that we are doing the walking and that we are doing the sitting on a regular basis, and expect that we should all receive the same benefits from the practice no matter what is going on in our minds or how we are carrying out the practice. Our practice has to have certain important qualities to it in order for us to consider that our practice is a success and in order for us to really get something out of it. The first important quality of meditation practice is that we have to make the acknowledgement in the present moment. Our mind should always be in the here and now. We cannot let our minds fall into the past or go ahead into the future. We should not think about how many more minutes are left in the practice or how many minutes we have practiced and so on. Our mind should always be in the present moment. We should also be continuously in the present moment. So not only practicing this moment or this moment but that we are practicing continuously from one moment to the next. At the moment when we finish the walking meditation we should continue our awareness and our acknowledgement of the present moment into the sitting meditation. Once we finish the sitting meditation when we are going to get up and go on with our lives we should try to continue into our lives carry on continuously. During the time we are doing the walking meditation it is the same and we should try to keep our mind in the present moment through the whole of the practice. When we do the sitting we try to keep it on the rising and the falling again and again continuously. Just like the rain falling. It is said that meditation practice is like rain falling. Every moment that we are aware is like one drop of rain. Though it may not seem like that much once we are mindful again and again and aware again and again just like rain falling it can flood and create a huge flood or fill up a lake. In the same way our awareness again and again in one moment after one moment can create very strong states of concentration based on the present moment. So that we are very clearly aware and we create a great understanding and clarity of mind in regards to reality. Another important point is the actual acknowledgment or the quality of the acknowledgment. We have to first of all have a certain amount of effort. It takes effort for us to do this again and again and we have to acknowledge this. We cannot just let ourselves say rising and falling raising falling and let the mind drift. We have to push the mind and keep the mind with the present moment with the object as it arises whatever object that is. So if it is the raising and the falling in the beginning we stay with it again and again sending the mind out. Instead of keeping the mind up here or at the mouth we send the mind out to the object again and again and keep sort of a strong state of mind. Keeping our mind strong and focused on the present moment. Once we do this then we will begin to become aware of the object and this is another important thing that we are actually aware of the object as it is occurring. So that we are not just saying rising and falling but once we push our minds to the object then we actually know from the beginning to the end of the motion. If it is pain then we actually are aware of the pain and if it is a thought then we are actually aware of the thought. Once we become aware of the thought then we can make the acknowledgement. And this is of course the most important part that actually we grasp and we fix the mind on that awareness. Not letting it continue on into liking or disliking or creating all sorts of mental activity or judgments about the object. The final important fundamental quality of practice is called balancing the faculties. It is recognized that all people have certain faculties in their mind and these are qualities of mind which are very beneficial. All together there are five and these are confidence effort mindfulness concentration and wisdom and these have to be balanced with each other. For instance some people might have strong confidence but they may have low wisdom and this means that they have blind faith. They believe things simply because this is what they have been told or of some desire to believe and not because of any rational understanding. Some people have strong wisdom but low faith so they doubt everything and they refuse to believe anything even from a respected authority or so on. Or they refuse to believe anything because they themselves have never experienced it because they have never undertaken the meditation practice. Some people have strong effort but weak concentration, in this case the mind becomes distracted the mind is not focused and can’t focus on anything. Some people have strong concentration but weak effort and this makes people lazy or drowsy. This keeps us from sending the mind on and on and keeping up with the present moment and we find ourselves getting drowsy and falling asleep. The way we balance these is that we balance confidence with wisdom and effort with concentration and we use mindfulness we use this clear thought. The effort is sending the mind to the object the awareness of the object the focusing on the object and the clear knowing of the object. These are all of the mental faculties put into one. Confidence effort mindfulness concentration and wisdom. Once we have balanced the four outside faculties with the faculty of mindfulness or the clear awareness they will work together. They will then create a very strong state of mind. Then we will have strong confidence, strong effort we are clearly mindful and we have strong concentration and we have very sure wisdom, because we see for ourselves and we understand for ourselves without the need to rely on someone else. At that time this is when the mind is able to overcome states of suffering, overcome states of depression. Like a strong man is able to bend an iron bar we also can bend and shape and mould our minds. And we can bring our minds back to a state of peace and happiness overcoming all sorts of unpleasant states. This is a basic understanding of some of the fundamental qualities of meditation which we need to keep in mind. We need to be in the present moment and we need to practice continuously. We need to make the clear thought and we cannot just say to ourselves rising and falling we have to actually know what is going on in the present moment. And we have to balance the faculties. This is another in the series on how to meditate and this is sort of an addition to the actual technique of meditation which is meant to give a stronger quality and a greater benefit to the meditation practice. So I hope that through this you are able to find peace and happiness and freedom from suffering. Thank you again for tuning in and all the best.


87 Responses

  1. pazcecipaz

    February 5, 2009 12:40 am

    thank you , so our life becomes a meditation ? many blessing for your simle and inspiring videos , namaste , cecilia

  2. djdams84

    April 5, 2009 6:20 pm

    Thank you.
    I'm trying to put your pieces of advice into action and try to meditate but I'm strugulling ! My mind is very distracted… However, the more I listen to you the more I'm confident about how how much it worth to continue…
    Thanks again for your help

  3. Dre Narci

    October 1, 2009 5:16 am

    when I watch your videos or even just see your face, I feel a sense of calmness within my being. I am present. Normally, I dont feel this way when im around people. they are all in their own unconsciousness. lol …you are truly peaceful….i could feel it.

  4. mgsru

    January 18, 2010 7:35 pm

    You say that you have to be in the present and should not think about when you started or how many minutes before you finish. Then, if, for instance, you had decided that you want to do a 10 minute session, how do you know when the 10 minutes are finsshed?

  5. 1080sahara

    January 23, 2010 3:52 pm

    thank you for your teachings,and be able to take the time to help us to get started.
    You are doing a great work,making it easy and avaliable to us.
    Please dont stop.Will be waiting for the next one.

  6. Adriano Martino

    April 2, 2010 6:18 pm

    Thank you. It would be great to have close captions to grasp every word.
    It would help people like me that do understand English but are not English native speakers. Thank you.

  7. XzmazX

    June 4, 2010 2:25 pm

    hi, i have watched on dr. acharya Shree yogeesh' channel that meditation is a completely effortless state, that once you put effort into focusing, that meditation doesn't happen. But that contradicts what you teach in this video, which one is it? is he mistaken, or just talking about different types of meditation?

  8. selvmordspilot

    July 21, 2010 2:16 pm

    Thank you very much for the help. I can't believe I ran into this stuff randomly just in a time of my life where I've grown an interested for meditation.

    It's strange, I see a sadness in you in these vids. I wonder if it's just a projection..

    Best wishes from Denmark

  9. Jaime Fernández da Costa

    November 15, 2010 11:50 am

    Thanks a lot for these videos, I really like them for the aspect of it that you already mentioned in your first video: "free of the spiritual mumbo-jumbo".

    Plus, they're well recorded, well sounding, and even have subtitiles, which helps to send the message more clearly… And I think that there's nothing wrong with caring a little bit about the outside of things too, it's just another piece of the picture.


  10. Meditation

    February 22, 2011 10:44 pm

    When I watched your videos I learned some new things and I think I will certainly try it next time in my practise .Thank you very much and again very inspiring videos !

  11. TheBuddhaLight

    April 8, 2011 9:06 pm

    The feeling one gets when listening to your videos is complete calmness and concentration on the present. This is not the kind of way I usually feel when watching videos here on Youtube. This may sound wierd, but the only way I can relate this feeling to, is by comparing it to the great Buddhist teachers such as Thich Nath Han.
    Believe me that I am sure you are enlightened.
    Please reply.
    May you be happy,
    may you attain Nirvana.


  12. Face_Humor

    May 5, 2011 5:45 am

    I have an issue with meditation. My mind is constantly busy, it even causes my insomnia. I've heard that you should clear your mind. But I find it very difficult. I've also heard that if thoughts do come, just let them, and they will pass. I've been interested lately in Lucid Dreaming, and Out of Body Experiences, and the first step to that would be Meditating, but as I've said, it's very difficult for me to do this. Also, what's a good method to meditate in a busy area? Thanks. Love the videos.

  13. Kacey Wheeler

    October 10, 2011 6:42 pm

    @EditorSEM Don't be afraid of your negative feelings, we all experience them and they can't really hurt you. Tell yourself "pain, pain" or "depressed, depressed". I'm dealing with similar problems right now, I'm making progress and wishing you the best. 🙂

  14. Goonercabbie

    November 9, 2011 8:31 pm

    Thank you so much…these videos are having a wonderful effect. The answers are in us all…people like you point the way.

  15. phungbili

    January 6, 2012 4:27 pm

    Thank you so much for these videos. They cleared all my confusion about how to meditate. They are so clear and simple and the thoughts are so wise and so calming.

  16. Chomchanok Ployngam

    February 16, 2012 2:10 pm

    Thank you very for every video from you! They are very important information for foreigner to do the meditation. Please I have your sound and your knowledge to share in our meditation book and our video. Thank you very again and ANUTAMI with you. Ka

  17. Zoran Spirkovski

    April 8, 2012 12:47 am

    When I meditate, I got a sort of feeling of vibration in my brain. It's hard to explain but it resembles an empty space or awareness. Honestly I have no idea, but I feel that I would not be able of labeling it at all. What do you think of this?

  18. smoothgoomer

    May 7, 2012 7:14 am

    Homage to you, noble bhikkhu. You've clearly explained what it took me a long time to experience. Thanks, and all the best.

  19. luca marco

    May 15, 2012 10:19 am

    It seems to me very important not only be present to mind chattering, but also the choose part. What kind of choose I take? (after I have one opinion about what they say to me). To me it's the most important thing, and how to express, the tone, the feedback I receive.
    So it seems to me more important this part, that to my eyes is a sort of 'meditation in action.'

  20. Saitong H

    May 23, 2012 4:58 pm

    thank you very much ka for making this Meditation teaching series. I have always wanted to share the concept/idea of meditation to my foreign friends but it was always with alot of difficulties. But now they have the opportunity to understand it…thanks to your clips. 🙂

  21. Lander11112222

    September 4, 2012 11:34 am

    It is nice to see a westerner; it makes for clearer communication for me. He also seems to speak more to the mental problems in western culture; he knows because he lived it. So I love this stuff.

  22. StarSeed

    October 5, 2012 7:03 pm

    In my observation and training, drowsiness during meditation or learning is usually caused by blocking energy directed by entities influencing your aura or chakras.

  23. Alchemy Orgone

    October 13, 2012 3:15 pm

    people meditate but its very IMPORTANT to have an ORGONE around you if you meditate at HOME ! RADIATION …. IS SO BAD IT CAN mess around with your higher FREQUENCY.

  24. Cole Baumeister

    October 16, 2012 11:35 pm

    This is a very novice question I am sensing, but how does one know when end their meditation practice?

  25. josh wagg

    October 30, 2012 1:29 am

    as a highly concious being can you ask you what you think human life is for or what we should do as rediculous as this sounds

  26. CrystaleBoisvert

    November 3, 2012 3:09 pm

    Great video, I love the way you describe meditation in a very simple way, your use of metaphors and examples are beneficial for everyone to understand the fundamentals of a meditation practice! namaste

  27. Into the Rainbow Vain

    November 10, 2012 2:18 pm

    Hey Yuttadhammo.

    First I would like to say thankyou for all your great videos. I have learnt so much from them. Also I have a question- in buddhism it is talked about 'seeing the true nature of things.' Can you tell us what that is like and maybe describe it a bit?

    Many thanks
    Den from Dover

  28. tud teer

    February 15, 2013 4:02 pm

    You are so good at teaching how to meditate. Your peaceful voice,look and simple words help calm me down and inspire me to keep trying to do meditation……. It's not as easy as you sound.
    …the hardest thing to do for me.

  29. John Bishop

    May 4, 2013 2:56 am

    I am new to meditation, only less than a year and still have much to learn. I was wondering your thoughts and wisdom on me trying a 10 day vipassana meditation that I seen a video on. I am interested in the discipline of it as well as the deep connection with self that can be achived. Do you think it would be of good benifit to me and what suggestions do have to give to help me prepare for such a session? Thank you very much.

  30. Luz P

    May 6, 2013 12:07 am

    Thank you. Now I understand my thoughts and how to clear my thoughts. This video help me understand more where I didn't understand and helps me how to meditate better where I was having problems. I try meditation and it worked a lot better. Thank you.

  31. StratMatt777

    May 19, 2013 7:51 am

    You have a skinny nose like I do. I have a deviated septum so I get horrible airflow through my nose- and a little congestion can block it totally. If you feel exhausted when you get up in the morning or wake up with a dry mouth because you have been mouth-breathing I can tell you from experience that breathe-rite nasal strips help massively. When I forget to sleep with mine I'm tired in the morning.
    This is NOT an ad.. just the weirdest comment you have ever received on a meditation video! Ha!

  32. StratMatt777

    May 19, 2013 7:55 am

    Probably for sitting in very peaceful secluded locations that happen to be covered with sharp stuff that distracts from your meditation when it sticks in your rear end? 😉

  33. Giannis Meletis

    May 31, 2013 10:37 pm

    Dear Friend, i've been doing energy work in meditation states for about 3 years now, i had never heard again about the "fundamentals of meditation" … Thanks a lot for your wonderful video and your true wisdom and knowledge which you share freely with us , i couldn't be more greatful to you. Thanks again !!!

  34. Kelci Vandiver

    August 3, 2013 6:28 am

    I stumbled across your videos, in a mindless search for…something. Watching your videos and hearing your voice, has made meditation a successful possibility for me, and I thank you for that. I had struggled with meditation previously, however your calm, patient demeanor has made it much easier for me to open my mind to the benefits and methods of meditation.

  35. Hope Is Unlimited

    August 22, 2013 12:03 pm

    wow. great videos. they are so useful in dealing with an anxiety disorder and a bipolar disorder. i appreciate your videos and your efforts to help people. right on dude. thanks again

  36. Aysel Jafarova

    September 3, 2013 3:36 am

    You mention about balancing faculties of mind, is it automatically done during the process or is it done in another way?

  37. Stephanie L

    September 7, 2013 5:33 pm

    Thank you for the videos.

    How can you maintain awareness of the experiences of the present moment, and yet perform the routines of daily life, much of which require planning ahead or recollection?

    What about when your work requires analytical or abstract thought?

  38. Stephanie L

    September 22, 2013 10:17 am

    Hi. 🙂 I've since learned from others in the Theravada tradition that this style of meditation isn't meant to supplant the aforementioned forms of thought.

    It isn't meant to be attention to the present moment at the *exclusion* of all else. We just need to be mindful of these thoughts as they occur.

    So when engaged in the act of remembering, it's just 'remembering, remembering', as with all else.

  39. freespirit123

    September 29, 2013 3:26 am

    Thank You for making this video, every time I think something negative I just say thinking…thinking… It's working even when I'm walking. Thank you again im watching all your videos!

  40. Tomás Pinho

    February 27, 2014 3:44 am

    I need advice! I'm having some trouble with my meditation. It's like that, when I'm foccusing on something, always another thing shows up and I don't know what to do where to focus.

    Example: I'm foccusing on my throat, because I feel like something is squeezing it. So I'm like: pain, pain or squeezing, squeezing. Then it goes away and I feel relief and happiness (2 things). Then I think: 'great, the squeezing is gone" (third thing). Then I feel guilty, I don't know why, maybe because I think I'm doing this just to get instant relief (so guilty, 4 things). Then I feel anxious about all that (so 5 things). And this is all happening AT THE SAME TIME or very fast, like in a blink of an eye. I don't know what to do?

    Should I focus on only one thing and try to ignore the rest? Should I try to focus on all at once? Should I focus on the confusion? 

    Advice is welcome

  41. Vince Vickers

    August 9, 2014 7:51 pm

    Very empowering … I'm grateful for you, your honesty, your open-mindedness, and your willingness. Thank you.

  42. Anonymous simple

    May 2, 2016 2:46 pm

    +Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
    Thanks for this so much important video.I just found out i have strong wisdom but less faith.

  43. Bubblezov Love

    November 23, 2016 9:53 am

    I've noticed that when I meditate using a mantra, my mind has figured out how to still journey off into the past or future in the background. Each time I try to refocus my mind does it again! So I started imagining that I was "a whole chorus" of mantra chanters. This helps some but is this the right way to approach this? What I'm doing is in between chants where my mind is wandering, I have that part of my mind chant also. This results in my vocal chant being accompanied by at least two other internal and delayed chants which I add up to become one chorus. But I'm only doing that because my brain decided it could still play movies while I chant….

  44. Andre Me

    April 15, 2017 3:09 pm

    How do we know that meditation is legit and some old scam? There are plenty of pseudo gurus that monetarize on people's gullibility.

  45. Elixir Love Daing

    August 20, 2017 8:30 am

    Hi Yuttadhammo, thanks for your teaching. Can i ask you a question? Can i maintain my awareness to my whole body as the object of my attention instead of just focusing my awareness in my breath?

  46. Glória

    April 10, 2018 7:55 pm

    Thanks for your help. I have seen some of your videos and learnt a lot for my practice. Be blessed.

  47. Dave Stokes

    June 26, 2019 3:07 pm

    Hello Yuttadhammo. Can i be mindful of my breath as i go through daily life i.e. at work, school etc?


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