Superhumans: The remarkable brain waves of high-level meditators | Daniel Goleman

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My co-author of the book Altered Traits is
a neuroscientist, Richard Davidson. He has a lab at the University of Wisconsin. It’s a very large lab, he has dedicated
scanners, he has about 100 people working there, and he was able to do some remarkable
research where he flew Olympic level meditators—who live in Nepal or India typically, some in
France—he flew them over to the lab and put them through a protocol in his brain scanners
and did state-of-the-art tests and the results were just astounding. We found, for example, or he found that their
brain waves are really different. Perhaps the most remarkable findings in the
Olympic level meditators has to do with what’s called a gamma wave. All of us get gamma for a very short period
when we solve a problem we’ve been grappling with, even if it’s something that’s vexed
us for months. We get about half second of gamma; it’s
the strongest wave in the EEG spectrum. We get it when we bite into an apple or imagine
biting into an apple, and for a brief period, a split-second, inputs from taste, sound,
smell, vision, all of that come together in that imagined bite into the apple. But that lasts very short period in an ordinary
EEG. What was stunning was that the Olympic level
meditators, these are people who have done up to 62,000 lifetime hours of meditation,
their brainwave shows gamma very strong all the time as a lasting trait just no matter
what they’re doing. It’s not a state effect, it’s not during
their meditation alone, but it’s just their every day state of mind. We actually have no idea what that means experientially. Science has never seen it before. We also find that in these Olympic level meditators
when we asked them, for example, to do a meditation on compassion their level of gamma jumps 700
to 800 percent in a few seconds. This has also never been seen by science. So we have to assume that the special state
of consciousness that you see in the highest level meditators is a lot like something described
in the classical meditation literatures centuries ago, which is that there is a state of being
which is not like our ordinary state. Sometimes it’s called liberation, enlightenment,
awake, whatever the word may be we suspect there’s really no vocabulary that captures
what that might be. The people that we’ve talked to in this
Olympic level group say it’s very spacious and you’re wide open, you’re prepared
for whatever may come, we just don’t know. But we do know it’s quite remarkable.


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